Excavation is the process of digging out/clearing an area manually or with heavy machinery to create a supported structure for the concrete to be placed. Whether you’re looking for a new patio, pool deck, driveway, or any interior décor, you will need to ensure area is suitable to proceed with project. Such as figuring out ground levels, marking measurements for where concrete slab will be place, removing drywall to get to previous foundation, and being cautious of electrical wiring and pipes that may be in your way. Depending on the specific project, the foundation process differs. Without having proper excavation clearing and foundation installation, many issues can occur resulting in damage.
In order to build using any concrete service you must prepare the site. This excavation process differs depending on the project. However, if applying a concrete driveway or any exterior concrete structure you must assess the area by the taking out any shrubbery, older construction structures or appliances. Essentially anything that will get in the way of the foundation and soil extraction service. Once, removed the soil is dug out to get the correct depth needed for the foundation. With interior concrete projects you must excavate any appliances, ripping out drywall, and making sure no electrical wiring and pipes will be in harm.
Crawlspace foundation is a foundation that is elevated off the ground which helps with a sloped lot and is better with different kinds of soil. This is great for accessibility for any electrical wiring and piping throughout it. A crawl space can provide a storage area as well if needed. Also, it is less prone to termite infestations and a lot less expensive than a basement or slab.
Slab-on-grade is simply one layer of concrete which is poured thicker making it serve as the foundation for the structure itself. Wood stakes lined with string are often used to create boundaries where the concrete slab needs to be placed. If used for interior design, chalk is used to create the designated outline. This type of foundation is environmentally friendly and cost- effective. Usually this type only takes a day which saves a lot of time for any busy schedules.
With any type of concrete foundation, it must have a sturdy frame which is constructed and placed before the concrete is poured. If there are any weaknesses within the fame, the concrete could have problems in the future. Curing concrete is the most important part as this determines the strength of the concrete foundation. A curing cycle involves, moisture, preheating stage, maintaining that temperature, then cooling the concrete to solidify. Timing must be involved with curing because if not done correctly you risk the concrete to crack.